TÜRKÇE - UKRAINCE
- INGILIZCE

SÖZLÜK VE REHBER KITAP

TURKISH - UKRAINIAN - ENGLISH
WORDLIST AND REFERENCE GUIDE


There are strong historic links between Ukraine and Turkey, where Tatar Crimea served as link inbetween. Crimean Tatars speak nearly the same language as Turks and for centuries Khanate of Crimea had been an autonumous land within Ottoman empire. Great part of southern Ukraine had been part of Ottoman (Turkish) empire as well. Tatars and Turks ahd been always invading Ukrainian lands. Many of them settled and were absorbed among Ukrainian people. These interactions left a significant trace in Ukrainian vocabulary. Thus many Ukrainian words were borrowed from Turkish / Tatar (Turkic) languages. Ukrainian exclamation Hayda! (Go! Lets go!) derives from Turkish Hayda! / Haydi! (Go! Move!) (compare this term in other Turkic languages: Tatar hayde / to go, Bashkir eyde / to go and Kyrghyz ayda / to drive). While similar Russian exclamation Ayda! was borrowed from Volga Tatar. Ukrainian bohatyr (hero) also stems from Turkish bahadir (brave, hero). Ukrainian word hamanets' (wallet / purse) was also borrowed from Turkic (where for example in Crimean Tatar hemiyan or Chuvash haman means leather purse, bag. In Uzbek it is hamen, in Uyghur it is Hemiyan, in Kazakh / emiyan and in Turkmen ham stands for leather). It is interesting that many of these Turkic / Turkish based Ukrainian words are used with stress by Ukrainians to define their "Ukrainianess", patriotic and national feelings (example the central sqaure in Kyiv is called Maydan Nezalezhnosti - Independence Sqaure, where term "maydan" is Turkic in its origin (from Turkish meydan - square); or popular national Ukrainian term Berkut (golden eagle, also the name for special intervation security forces of Ukrainian police and Ukrainian cigarettes brand) which was borrowed from Turkic too (from Crimean Tatar / Cuman burkut - golden eagle ).

TÜRKÇE
Turkish-Turets'ka

UKRAINCE
Ukrainian-Ukrayins'ka

INGILIZCE
English-Anhliys'ka

adres adresa address
akademi akademiya academy
alasa [spelled as alasha, also so in Crimean Tatar, and Karachay]
alasha in Bulgar, lasha in Chuvash
losha, loshatko, loshak, loshenya (note that loshad' is horse in Russian) foal (baby horse), colt (young male horse)
alfabe alfavit ABC
aksan aktsent accent
ambar komora (compare Russian ambar, which is identical
with Turkish but got into Russian from Tatars on the Volga)
storage-house, storage-room
az malo (while azh is Ukrainian term meaning "so far", "so long") little, few
baba tato (baba means grandmother in Ukrainian) father, dad
badya baddya, badeyka, badiyka - wooden basket at the well (borrowed from Turkish); khokhlya, khokhlia, cherpak scoop, bail, ladle, dredge bucket. Turkish badya is usually used as wine ladle, while Ukrainian baddya and its variations stands for well's wooden basket
bahadir bohatyr (borrowed from Turkish, while Turks picked it up from Persian bahadur - strong man) brave man, hero
bahçe [bah-che] sad, sadok, sadochok (town in Ukraine: Bakhchysaray / Bahçesaray meaning garden palace in Turkish, former capital of Crimean Khanate. Also village where my grandmother comes from (in Zhytomyr region of Ukraine) derives from this word: Karabachyn / from Kara bahçe - black garden) garden
bakkal bakaliynyk, torhovets' ovochamy ta kovbasamy grocery man
bakkal dukkani bakalija grocery
baraka barak (borrowed from Turkic), khata hut
balkon balkon balcony
balta sokyra (but there is town called Balta in Odesa / Odessa region on the south of Ukraine, former Ottoman possesions) axe
banka bank bank
banyo vanna (banya is sauna in Ukrainian and Russian but the word banya is Russian) bathroom
bardak shklanka, stakan, zhban, hlechyk (in Ukrainian bardak means a disorder, mess). Also Ukrainian term burdyuk (sack of goat's / calf's leather) stems from Turkish bardak - glass, clay pot glass
bas [bash] holova (bashka is slang word for head in Ukrainian and Russian) head
baska [bashka] inshyy other
baskan [bashkan] prezydent president
baskanlik (gi) kerivnytstvo, prezydium, upravlinnia head administration, head office, management
baskent [bashkent] stolytsya capital
bebek malia, nemovlia, nemovliatko baby
busrä (in Turkic Bulgar / Bulghar) biser (borrowed from Turkic Bulgar. While Bulgars picked it up from Arabs, where busra stands for pearls in Arabic) colored pearls
bomba bomba bomb
borsuk, porsuk (borsuq - in old Turkic, bursyk, barsyk - in Tatar) borsuk (borrowed from Turkic). Compare barsuk in Russian and borsuk in Polish (both stemming from Turkic as well). badger (animal)
borulu burulka (borrowed from Cuman or Crimean Tatar). In Cuman and Crimean Tatar borulu mans of tube form, tube shaped and burlu means bud shaped, of bud form ice tube (from the roof), stalactite, long / high peace of ice
boru truba (but Ukrainian burulka - ice tube / stalactite stems from this term) tube
buket buket bunch
buran buran (borrowed into Ukrainian from Turkish). Compare Mongolian word borogan - storm. snow storm
bor / bur krutyy (compare above described Ukrainian term buran) steep (adjective as in steep hill)
burun nis (Burunday was the name of Tatar/Mongol leader whose armies invaded Rus'- Ukraine lands in 13th cen). Also Ukrainian term burun means big "nosy" sea wave and is borrowed from Turkic as well. nose
burada tut here
can [dzhan] dusha, zhyttya (dzhyn as ghost is one of borrowed words for ghost in Ukrainia) soul, life
çay [chay] chay, herbata tea
çek [chek] chek / receipt, cheque
çoban [choban] chaban / çaban, pastukh shepherd
çora [chora] in Cuman, Crimean Tatar, Kipchak dzhura [dchura] - Ukrainian military servant (usually boy or young man) who carries the arms, military boy helper. Term got into Ukrainian from Cuman or Crimean Tatar, where chora was name not only for a boy but also for a young man at a service of khan. Note also that common Turkic term "cür" [chyur] stands for together / in accordance. boy
dag hora mountain
dogu skhid east
dakika khvylyna (while dekilka means a few or some in Ukrainian) minute
dede dido, did, didus grandfather
degisik minlyviy changable
depresyon depresiya depression
divan dyvan sofa
durak zupynka (while durak means stupid in Ukrainian) stop, bus stop
duvar stina wall
elma jabluko, jabko (alma is apple in Hungarian) apple
esas osnova base
esasli korinnyy basic
etiket etyketka label
evet tak yes
fabrika fabryka factory
fasulye fasolya, kvasolya bean
fiyasko fiasko fall, crash, end
futbol futbol soccer
Gagauz / Gagauzlar Hahauz / Hahauzy (Gagauz / Gagauzy) - this ethnic name stems from Turkic Gag - Oyuz / Oguz, a tribal name of Uz (Utz / Uzy / Utsy) people and is composed of two Turkic words gök (blue) and tribal name Uz. In Turkish gök means also sky Gagauz / Gagauzes - Turkish speaking people in southern Ukraine, inhabiting southern part of Odessa region and southern Moldova.
gaz gaz gas
grip hryp flu
habl in Crimean Tatar, abla in Turkish 1. habla (borrowed from Turkish, rarely used term in Ukrainian though) 2. kanat, motuzka 1. one of two ropes that maintain the sail 2. rope
hayda! haydi! hayda! Go! Lets go!
haydamak haydamak (peasent rebel in Ukraine in 18th cen, now term haydamak is rather only part of Ukrainian folklore and ballads).Compare also Çagatay / Chagatay Tatar haydamak / to drive, to rob. Zlodiy. robber
hayalet dukh, pryvyd spirit
Haliç [halich] Zolotyy Rih (but Halich / Halych is the name of city in Western Ukraine, which gave name to whole historical land Halychyna / Galicia, once a mighty medieval kingdom) Golden Horn (bay in Istanbul)
halk narid, narod. Rare Ukrainian term halalym (bandit, bad man) can be associated with from Crimean Turkic / Tatar terms al-alam - men, people. Compare also in al-älam - world. But halka is crow in Ukrainian also. people
hamal hamaliya (borrowed from Turkish), rab, nosylnyk. Turkish term was borrowed from Arabic hamala, amala - to carry carrier, slave
hoplamak skakaty (compare hopak - national cossack dance in Ukraine, and it is in fact jumping dance) to jump
ihtiyar staryy old
Izgara [yzgara] gril, hryl grill
jest [zhest] zhest gesture
jeton [zheton] zheton token
jilet [zhilet] zhyletka razor blade
jüri [zhyuri] zhyuri jury
kabak kabachok, dynya squash, pumpkin
kabin / kabine kabina / kabinet cabin / cabinet
kablo kabel cable
kanal kanal channel
kanara (from kan - blood) konara - flock of sheep raised for slaughter slaughter-house
kan krov (see Ukrainian term kanara above) blood
kanepe kanapa sofa
kanun zakon law
karpuz harbuz (Ukrainians borrowed this from Turks and Turks borrowed this term from Persian, where kharbuza /- melon was composed of two Persian words kher / donkey and bucina - cucumber, literally donkey cucumber). Compare arbuz in Russian and Polish. pumpkin, melon
kartal. But in other Turkic languages: burkut (Turkic Cuman, Kipchak), birkut (Turkic Tatar), burkit (Turkic Kazakh), berket (Turkic Bashkir) berkut (this Ukrainian word entered Ukrainian from Turkic languages, most likely from Cuman, where it is burkut). A commonly used name of Turkic origin, which in 17th century entered Polish from Ukrainian (in Polish it is berkut, birkut). The Czechs and Slovaks call the bird orel skalni and Hungarians - szirtisas; in German it is called steinadler and in Finnish - kotka. golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos (in Latin)
katilmak dobavlyaty, pryyednuvaty to add, to join
kavun kavun watermelon
kayak lyzha, lyzhi ski
kazak kozak (in Crimean Tatar, Chagatay Turkic, it means free man, wanderer, bandit. In other Turkic languages kazak, qazaq has such meanings: feudal's arms man (in Kumyk), freeman, independent man, seeker of adventures (in Kazakh, Tatar, Kyrghyz, Azeri, Bashkir) . All stemming from old Turkic kez - to walk, to wander, to travel. cossack

2) pullover, sweater (in Turkish only)

kestane kashtan chestnut
KIZ divchyna (in Berezhany surname Kizima is very common. It derives from this Tatar / Turkish word kiz, which means a girl. Since mana Tatars settled in Adamivka area of Berezhany) girl
kilim kylym carpet
kilometre kilometer kilometre
kimya khimiya chemistry
kulübe kolyba - winter wooden house of woodcutters Hutsuls (Hucul / Huzul / Hutzul) - Ukrainian ethnic group in the Carpathians of Western Ukraine. The term Hutsul is explained in one hypothesis as stemming from the name of the Turkic tribe of Uts / Uz / Utsy. hut, house
kukla lalka (but in Russian kukla is just like in Turkish) doll
kurkulmak boyatysya (Ukrainian term kurkul - rich man, rich peasent stems from Turkish kurkulmak) to fear, to be afraid
kurkulu kurkul - rich man, rich peasent owner (kulak in Russian) whom serfs work for the one who is feared and respected
kürklü kurkul - rich man, rich peasent, whom serfs work for - and who is usually dressed in fur coat dressed / covered with fur coat
kusak [kushak] kushak - wide red head tape / belt of Ukrainian girls. Part of Ukrainian national women dress / head decoration. This term also stems from Turkish kushak belt. belt
kutas (pronounced as koo'-tahs) kutas (Ukrainian term borrowed from Turkish) tassel, decoration in the form of a tassel on the head, clothing etc.
lakça [lakcha] lapsha (borrowed from Turkish. Also in Russian it is lapsha) noodles
leylek leleka crane
lüle, lüla lulka, lyulka, liulka (borrowed from Turkish) pipe (for smoking)
masa stil table
meydan maydan (borrowed from Crimean Tatar / Turkish), ploshcha square
merkezi tsentralnyy (compare Hebrew term merkaz - center) central
mesced [maechit] mechet' (borrowed from Turkish) mosque
moda moda fashion
nehir rika river
ocak [odzhak] vohnyshche, vohon (ochag is also fireplace in Russian) fireplace, fire
orman lis (in Crimean Tatar it is urman, and there is village Urman near Berezhany in Ukraine) forest
ögrenci student, uchen student, pupil
pehlivan, pählivan (in East Turkic languages it is palvan and in Persian - pahlivan) bovvan (borrowed from Turkic pehlivan), kumyr - idol (borrowed from Turkic Bulgar kumir - idol). Compare kumirtuholy (in Accadian) and gumiri – an idol (in Alanian / Scythian). In Russian it is bolvan and kumir accordingly (both meaning idol too). strongman, hero, fighter
pazar bazar (Ukrainian term was borrowed from Tatar. Tatar and Turkish bazar / pazar stems from Persian bazar - covered market) bazaar
pantolon shtany, pantalony trousers
papagan papuhay parrot
pencere vikno window
palto palto overcoat
rica prokhannya request
rüya mriya dream
ruh dukh (Hebrew Ruah spirit sounds similar to Turkish) spirit
s,apka [shapka] shapka (also shapka in Russian and czapka in Polish) cap
sablon [shablon] shablon, vzir, zrazok pattern, sample, model
savruk brudnyj, nechystyy (Savruk is quite a common surname in Ukraine) dirty, untidy
s,arap [sharap] vyno (in Russia, surname Sharapov occurs, formed from Turkic sharap - wine) wine
secme vybir selection
s,eker [sheker] tsukor (compare sakhar in Russian) sugar
s,'iir [shiir] virsh, poema (Hebrew shir means song) poem
ufak malyy small
uyarinca zhidno (z chymos) according (to)
yel viter (in Hungarian its szel, deriving from Turkic)  
yerlestirme rozmishchennya, pozvartyruvannya, poselennya placement
yigit (compare dzhigit in Kazakh, Kyrghyz, Kara-Kalpak and jigide - youth in Mongolian) dzhygit, dzhigit (borrowed from Turkic languages, used in Ukrainian rather to define Caucausian or Central Asian epic heroes or in slang - as a funny nick for someone) brave man, hero fighter
yük
jü (in Turkic Uyghur)
vyuk (hence adjective vyuchnyi / vyuchnyy, verb vyuchyty, tender form vyuchak), vaha, vantazh, tiahar weight, load



Turkish

Ukrainian

English

Haftanin günleri Dni tyzhnya Days of the week
Pazar Nedilia Sunday
Pazartesi Ponedilok Monday
Sali Vivtorok Tuesday
Carsamba Sereda Wednesday
Persembe Chetver Thursday
Cuma Pyatnytsya Friday
Cumartesi Subota Saturday
Bugun gunlerden ne? Jakyj den siohodni? What day is today?
Sayilar Chysla Numerals
BIR [byr] odyn one
IKI [yky] dva two
ÜÇ [iuch] try three
DÖRT chotyry four
BES [besh] p-yat' five
ALTI [alty] shist' six
YEDI sim seven
SEKIZ visim eight
DOKUZ dev-yat' nine
ON desyat ten
Ülke Krayiny Countries
Türkiye / Türkçe Turechchyna / Turets'kyi Turkey / Turkish
Ukrayna / Ukraynali Ukrayina / Ukrayins'kyi Ukraine / Ukrainian
Kirim Krym Crimea
Isveç Shvetsiya Sweden
Italya Italiya Italy
Kibris Kypr Cyprus
Macaristan [madzharistan] Uhorshchyna, Madyarshchyna Hungary
Norveç [norvech] Norvehiya Norway
Yunanistan Hretsiya Greece

Useful expressions and declination:

Affedersiniz Vybachte!, Proshu vybachennya! I'am sorry, Excuse me
Ne? Sho, Shcho? What?
Nerede? De? Where?
Efendim? Pereproshuju?, Proshu? Pardon?, Sorry?
güzel mi güzel duzhe harnyj (m.), duzhe harna (f.) very nice, very beautiful
buz gibi sogug kholodnyj jak lid cold as ice
pek çok [chok] duzhe bahato very much, very many
BEN JA I (ME)
BANA MENI TO ME, FOR ME (Dative c.)
SEN TY YOU
SANA TOBI TO YOU, FOR YOU (Dative c.)
BIZ MY WE
bu tsey this (Nominative c.)
bunun tsyoho this (Genative c.)
buna tsyomu this (Dative c.)
bunu tse, tsyoho this (Accusative c.)
bunda v tsyomu, na tsyomy in this, on this (Locative.)
bundan z tsyho, vid tsyoho from this (Directional c.)
babam miy tato my dad
baban tviy tato your (singular, unformal) dad
babasi yoho tato his dad
babaniz vash tato your (plural, polite.) dad
babalari yikh tato their dad

Plural form of some nouns and adjectives:

beyaz - beyazlar bilyy - bili white - whites
er - erler soldat - soldaty soldier - soldiers
kiz - kizlar divchyna - divchata girl - girls
kapi - kapilar dveri - dveri door - doors
memur - memurlar chynovnyk - chynovnyky official - officials
renk - renkler kolir - kolyory color - colors
sari - sarilar zhovtyy - zhovti yellow - yellows
sandalye - sandalyeler krislo - krisla arm chair - arm chairs
subay - subaylar ofitser - ofitsery officer - officers

LIST OF RIVERS IN UKRAINE WITH TURKIC / TURKISH NAMES:

   
Babuzya from Turkic Bab(a)-O'zo'n (ozon means brook)
Bakshala Turkic adjective ending - li / ly.
Bazavluk Turkic suffix -luk. River in Dnipropetrovsk region.
Beksha  
Burchak, Burçak  
Chichikleya, Chychykleya,
Çiçikleya

from Cuman / Polovtsian (Cumans / Polovtsi / Polovtsy are Turkic people who inhabited Southern Ukraine in medieval period. Cumans spoke nearly the same language as Turkish) çiçek [chichek] meaning flower + Turkic adjective ending - li, ly. River in Mykolayiv and Odesa regions of Ukraine, tributary of Southern Buh.
Chuhma, Chumhak  
Inhul, Ingul  
Haychul, Hayçul  
Kahamlyk, Kahalnyk, Kahamlyk from Turkic kagan-lik kaganate..
Kaharlik  
Kanela  
Karan  
Karachekrak from Cuman çokrak [chokrak] scaturgio and prefix kara means black in most of Turkic languages)
Karatul  
Karayteben  
Kashlagach, Kaslagaç from Cuman agaç [agach] wood, tree (in Turkish the same as in Cuman)
Kodyma, Kodima (Kademe in Turkish) Also city with the same name in northern part of Odesa region, southern Ukraine. From the Turkic word qad?n - woman, lady. Turkish kademe means 'level', 'step', 'ledge', 'path'. Its semantics conforms with features of the bed of the river Kodyma.
Kolomak  
Konka  
Kuchuhum,Kushuhum, Koshugum, Koshohum from Turkic kuçu kum [kuchu kum] little sand
Kula from Turkic kul - hand. Right tributary of Dniester, in Moldova.
Kuma from Turkic kum - sand.
Kunila  
Kuyalnik, Kuyalnyk river in Odesa region, flows into the Black Sea forming a long lake at Odesa.
Saha from Turkic saga - goat. River in east part of Kyiv region and southern Chernihiv region.
Saksahan from Cuman / Polovtsian (Turkic language close to Turkish, spoken by Cumans, who inhabited southern Ukraine in early medieval period), where saxagan, saksagan meant a snake / dragon. River in east part of Dniporopetrovsk region.
Sasyk, Zasyk, Sosyk from Cuman saz - mud, sasi - dirty. Lake in southern part of Odesa region, so called Bucak / Budzhak, which means corner in Turkic. Also river in Mykolayiv region.
Tahamlyk River in Poltava region. Left tributary of Vorskla. From possible Turkic kaganlyk - kaganate.
Tashlyk, Taslik from Turkish taslik [tashlyk] of stone, stone made, tas [tash] stone. River in south eastern part of Kirovohrad region.
Taylik river in Vinnytsya region.
Tylihul, Tiligul river flowing into the Black Sea near Odessa in Ukraine. It derives from Turkish Deli Göl - crazy lake.
Turunchuk, Turunçuk River near the city of Bilyayivka, in Odessa region, near the Moldovan border. Obvious Turkic name.
Uzen  
Yanchul, Yançul River in Zaporizhzhya region, Southern Ukraine
Yagorlik River and town in the Dniester basin area (Moldova)
Yushtubey  


The above river names list excluds Crimea. In Crimea most of river names are all Turkic (Salgir, Biyuk / Büyük Karasu, Alma, Bulganak, Salgi, Kaça [Kacha]). It concerns mountain names of Crimean mountains (as peak Çatirdag / Chatyrdag for example) as well city names (Bahçesaray / Bahchesaray, Dzhankoy / Canköy , Saki, Sudak, Simeiz, Koreiz, Gaspra etc) or capes names (Sarych / Sariç, Ayudag, Kazantip etc) or lakes (Sasyk / Sasik , Donuzlav)

Name of Ukrainian city Kremenchuk (Kremenchug) derives from Turkic Kermençik - fortification. Some of Ukrainian village names have obvious Turkic roots as village Urman (from Crimean Tatar Urman - forest. Orman in Turkish) in Western Ukraine or village Karabachyn (from Kara bahçe - black garden) in Zhytomyr region. The same concerns some of Ukrainian surnames (as Karabanyk or Kizima for example that I know from my hometown).




Website created by Roman Zakharii from Berezhany (Galicia / Halichina, Western Ukraine)
on 20.02.2002 in Oslo, Norway (where I lived and studied in the last years).
Updated on 06.08.13 in Reykjavik, Iceland
My e-mail is
zaxaria@gmail.com

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