Welcome to Terebovlya
(Trembowla / Terebovla)

Town in western Ukraine, in the historic area of Halychyna
(Galicia / Galizien). Terebovlya was part of Poland (1366 - 1772, 1918 - 1939), Austrian empire (1772 - 1918), Nazi Germany (1941 - 1944), Soviet Union (1939 - 1941, 1944 - 1991) and after the collapse of the USSR in Ukraine.

View over Terebovlya today
Above: View over the city of Terebovlya from the castle hill

TEREBOVLYA, often trasnliterated as Terebovla / Terebovlja / Terebovlia is district town in western part of Ukraine. It numbers about 15.000 inhabitants (most are Ukrainians now, though before 1939 there were many Jews and Poles who lived here.) Polish and Austrian period name is TREMBOWLA (so in Polish). Town is one of the oldest in western Ukraine and durin medieval times it used to be the center of Terebovlya principality in the late 11 th century (then it was called TEREBOVL / Trembowl in Polish). Terebovlya principality included lands of whole south east Galicia, Posdillya and Bukovyna. The city was first mentioned in chronichles in the year 1097. After the construction of a castle in 1366, Poland occupied Terebovlya, which became part of system of border fortifications of Polish kingdom, mainly against conastant Crimean Tatar and Turkish invasions from the south and south east. That is why Terebovlya castle, monastery and churches all were designed as defensve structures. In 1594 the Ukrainian peasant rebel leader Severyn Nalyvayko captured the castle. During the liberation war of Ukrainian people (gaisnt Polish rule) in 1648-54 Terebovlya became one of the centers of the Ukrainian struggle against Poland's rule in Galician Podillya lands. The city was frequently raided by the Crimean Tatars and Turks and during the final invasion of 1688 the castle was destroyed.
For the history of Terebovlya (Trebovl) and Halych principalities see my page:

HISTORY OF GALICIAN AND VOLHYNIAN PRINCIPALITY DURING 13th CEN.




OLD AND MODERN MAPS OF TEREBOVLYA DISTRICT:

Terebovlya district during Polish rule - map Terebopvlya district today - map

Left: Old map of area around Terebovlya (Trembowla / Terebovlja) during Polish rule 1918-1939. Names are in Polish.
Right: Modern map of area around Terebovlya (Trembowla / Terebovlja). Names are in Ukrainain.

The maps above include the following villages:
I present names in Ukrainian (Polish and Russian):
Dolyna (Dolina / Dolina, formerly Janow in Polish, I think, according to the map), Ilavche (Ilawcze / Ilavchye), Ivanivka (Iwanowka / Ivanovka), Hleshchava / Hlescava (Hleszczawa / Gleshchava), Hrymayliv (Grzymalow / Grimaylov), Khorostkiv (Chorostkow / Khorostkov), Korovynka (Krowinka / Korovinka), Loshniv (Laszniow / Loszniow ( Loshnev), Trudove (formerly Mogielnica / Mohylnytsya according to the map. Trudovoye in Russian), Mshanets' / Msanec' (Mszaniec / Mshanyets), Mykulyntsi (Mikulince / Mikulintsy), Nastasiv (Nastasow / Nastasov), Ostrivets' (Ostrowczyk / Ostrovets'), Pidhaychyky (Podhajczyki / Podgaychiki), Pidhoryany (Podgorzany / Podgoryany), Plebanivka (Plebanowka / Plebanovka), Proshova / Prosova (Proszowa / Proszova), Semeniv (Semenow / Semenov), Sorotske / Sorocke (Sorocko / Sorotskoye), Strusyn (Strusow / Strusov / Strusin), Zazdrist' (Zazdrosc / Zazdrost).
Of the villages listed above, only Hrymayliv, Mykulyntsi and Khorostkiv are relatively large and can be referred as towns, the rest are villages (with population ranging between 200 - 2.000 inhabitants in average).

Global Insight general map of area arounf Terebovlya

Carmelite monastery in Terebovlya
Photo above: Carmelite monastery in Terebovlya
Carmelite Monasteery complex was built during 1635- 39. It is a defensive structure surrounded by protective walls, built in the Renaissance-Baroque style.

Plan of Carmelite monastery in Terebovlya
Plan of the first floor of the Carmelite Monastery in Terebovlya

TEREBOVLYA CASTLE

Castle and castle hill in Terebovlya
Photo of Terebovlya Castle
Terebovlya castle (in its present form) was built in 1631 and it is located on an al- most inaccessible mountain overlooking the Hnizna river, the castle was erected on the site of an ancient 11th century city. The castle walls are 4-5 meters thick.

Icon of st Mary from Terebovlya

According to folk tradition, in 1673 the Turks held the Terebovlya castle under siege for 14 days. Hunger came to the town. The inhabitants in the castle were losing hope. Then one woman knelt before the image of the Mother of God, which the people had praised as wonder-working, and she prayed without ceasing. Others joined her in prayer and eventually almost all the inhabitants together begged the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary. History reports that the Turks did not take the castle. The people attribute this victory to the favors granted by the Mother of God and the image which was in the monastery church. Terebovlia then became a place of pilgrimage. Bishop Joseph Shumlianskyi transferred the icon to the Cathedral of St. George in Lviv. Now pilgrims come to St. George's hill to ask for the intercession of the Mother of God of Terebovlia. A great number of pilgrims come on the feast of the Protection of the Mother of God.

Terebovlya Castle today
Castle in Terebovlya, other photo taken in April, 1998

Plan of Terebovlya Castle

Plan of castle in Terebovlya. View from the west.

Synagogue in Terebovlya
Photo above: Jewish Synagogue in Terebovlya

Town boasts also Basilian monastery. Basilians (Vasyliyany in Ukrainian) is monastic order of Greek Catholic church which is dominatin religion in western Ukraine. It dates to the 16th cent and is known as the "Pidhiryansky" or "Uhornytsky" monastery. Used as a defensive structure. Two towers with battlements and the outer walls of buildings have been preserved. One the most distinctive defensive-monastic complexes of Podillya in the late Renaissance period.
See plan of Monastery of Basilians in Terebovlya that I scanned

Terebovlya St Nicholas (Mykolayivska) Church from 16th-17th century is also worth attention. It was rebuilt in 1734 and was used as a defensive structure.

Flag of Terebovlya

On 20 November 1992, the session of Terebovlya town council approved the above as town flag and symbol. It is a square canvas with a ratio of 1:1, in a dark blue field there is a or half moon with horns, turned up, above it (one above two) there are three or stars with eight rays. Yellow and blue symbolize national color of Ukraine. Such a flag with Ukrainian national colors was adopted only with the collapse of Soviet system only in 1991. Since during communsit times it was forbidden to use old national yellow blue flag of Ukraine.

List of Terebovlya Links (also compiled by me in Open Directory web catalogue)
The fate of Jews in Terebovlya
Time table for railway station Terebovlya


Check out my sites:

TURKISH- UKRAINIAN - ENGLISH DICTIONARY ONLINE
presenting Ukrainian vocabulary borrowed from Turkic / Cuman / Crimean Tatar,
Turkic toponyms and hydronyms in Ukraine

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Coat of Arms of Galicia My great grandfather Theodore
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Right: My great grandfather (Theodore Zakhariy) in Austrian Army, Fisrt World War.

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