(Trembowla / Terebovla)
Town in western Ukraine, in the
historic area of Halychyna
(Galicia / Galizien). Terebovlya was part of
Poland (1366 - 1772, 1918 - 1939), Austrian
empire (1772 - 1918), Nazi Germany (1941 - 1944),
Soviet Union (1939 - 1941, 1944 - 1991) and after
the collapse of the USSR in Ukraine.
Above: View over the city of Terebovlya from the castle
|TEREBOVLYA, often trasnliterated as
Terebovla / Terebovlja / Terebovlia is district
town in western part of Ukraine. It numbers about
15.000 inhabitants (most are Ukrainians now,
though before 1939 there were many Jews and Poles
who lived here.) Polish and Austrian period name
is TREMBOWLA (so in Polish). Town is one of
the oldest in western Ukraine and durin medieval
times it used to be the center of Terebovlya
principality in the late 11 th century (then it
was called TEREBOVL / Trembowl in Polish).
Terebovlya principality included lands of whole
south east Galicia, Posdillya and Bukovyna. The
city was first mentioned in chronichles in the
year 1097. After
the construction of a castle in 1366, Poland
occupied Terebovlya, which became part of system
of border fortifications of Polish kingdom,
mainly against conastant Crimean Tatar and
Turkish invasions from the south and south east.
That is why Terebovlya castle, monastery and
churches all were designed as defensve
structures. In 1594 the Ukrainian peasant rebel
leader Severyn Nalyvayko captured the castle.
During the liberation war of Ukrainian people
(gaisnt Polish rule) in 1648-54 Terebovlya became
one of the centers of the Ukrainian struggle
against Poland's rule in Galician Podillya lands.
The city was frequently raided by the Crimean
Tatars and Turks and during the final invasion of
1688 the castle was destroyed.
For the history of Terebovlya (Trebovl) and
Halych principalities see my page:
OF GALICIAN AND VOLHYNIAN PRINCIPALITY DURING
OLD AND MODERN MAPS OF TEREBOVLYA DISTRICT:
Left: Old map of area around
Terebovlya (Trembowla / Terebovlja) during Polish rule
1918-1939. Names are in Polish.
Right: Modern map of area around
Terebovlya (Trembowla / Terebovlja). Names are in
maps above include the following villages:
I present names in Ukrainian (Polish and
Dolina, formerly Janow in Polish, I think, according to
the map), Ilavche (Ilawcze
/ Ilavchye), Ivanivka (Iwanowka /
Hleshchava / Hlescava (Hleszczawa / Gleshchava), Hrymayliv
/ Grimaylov), Khorostkiv (Chorostkow
/ Khorostkov), Korovynka
Loshniv (Laszniow / Loszniow ( Loshnev), Trudove (formerly Mogielnica /
Mohylnytsya according to the map. Trudovoye in Russian), Mshanets' / Msanec' (Mszaniec / Mshanyets), Mykulyntsi
(Mikulince / Mikulintsy), Nastasiv (Nastasow
/ Podgaychiki), Pidhoryany
/ Podgoryany), Plebanivka
Proshova / Prosova (Proszowa / Proszova), Semeniv (Semenow / Semenov), Sorotske / Sorocke (Sorocko / Sorotskoye), Strusyn (Strusow / Strusov / Strusin), Zazdrist' (Zazdrosc / Zazdrost).
Of the villages listed above, only Hrymayliv,
Mykulyntsi and Khorostkiv are relatively large and can be
referred as towns, the rest are villages (with population
ranging between 200 - 2.000 inhabitants in average).
Insight general map of area arounf Terebovlya
Photo above: Carmelite monastery in Terebovlya
Carmelite Monasteery complex was built during
1635- 39. It is a defensive structure surrounded by
protective walls, built in the Renaissance-Baroque style.
Plan of the first floor of the Carmelite Monastery in
Photo of Terebovlya Castle
Terebovlya castle (in its present form) was
built in 1631 and it is located on an al- most
inaccessible mountain overlooking the Hnizna river, the
castle was erected on the site of an ancient 11th century
city. The castle walls are 4-5 meters thick.
According to folk tradition, in 1673
the Turks held the Terebovlya castle under siege for 14
days. Hunger came to the town. The inhabitants in the
castle were losing hope. Then one woman knelt before the
image of the Mother of God, which the people had praised
as wonder-working, and she prayed without ceasing. Others
joined her in prayer and eventually almost all the
inhabitants together begged the intercession of the
Blessed Virgin Mary. History reports that the Turks did
not take the castle. The people attribute this victory to
the favors granted by the Mother of God and the image
which was in the monastery church. Terebovlia then became
a place of pilgrimage. Bishop Joseph Shumlianskyi
transferred the icon to the Cathedral of St. George in
Lviv. Now pilgrims come to St. George's hill to ask for
the intercession of the Mother of God of Terebovlia. A
great number of pilgrims come on the feast of the
Protection of the Mother of God.
Castle in Terebovlya, other photo taken in April, 1998
Plan of castle in Terebovlya.
View from the west.
Photo above: Jewish Synagogue in Terebovlya
Town boasts also Basilian
monastery. Basilians (Vasyliyany in Ukrainian) is
monastic order of Greek Catholic church which is
dominatin religion in western Ukraine. It dates
to the 16th cent and is known as the
"Pidhiryansky" or "Uhornytsky"
monastery. Used as a defensive structure. Two towers with
battlements and the outer walls of buildings have been
preserved. One the most distinctive defensive-monastic
complexes of Podillya in the late Renaissance period.
plan of Monastery of Basilians in Terebovlya that I
Terebovlya St Nicholas (Mykolayivska) Church
from 16th-17th century is also worth attention. It was
rebuilt in 1734 and was used as a defensive structure.
On 20 November 1992, the session of
Terebovlya town council approved the above as town flag
and symbol. It is a square canvas with a ratio of 1:1, in
a dark blue field there is a or half moon with horns,
turned up, above it (one above two) there are three or
stars with eight rays. Yellow and blue symbolize national
color of Ukraine. Such a flag with Ukrainian national
colors was adopted only with the collapse of Soviet
system only in 1991. Since during communsit times it was
forbidden to use old national yellow blue flag of
of Terebovlya Links (also compiled by me in Open
Directory web catalogue)
fate of Jews in Terebovlya
table for railway station Terebovlya
Check out my sites:
TURKISH- UKRAINIAN - ENGLISH
presenting Ukrainian vocabulary borrowed from Turkic /
Cuman / Crimean Tatar,
Turkic toponyms and hydronyms in Ukraine
BACK TO GALICIA
Left: Me (Roman
Zakhariy) in Jerusalem, summer 2001
Middle: Caot of Arms of Galicia - halka
Right: My great grandfather (Theodore Zakhariy) in
Austrian Army, Fisrt World War.
Website created by Roman
Zakharii from Berezhany
on 25.02.2002 in Oslo, Norway
Updated on 15.01.2008 in Reykjavik, Iceland
My e-mail is email@example.com
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