Town in Western UKRAINE
(former Soviet Union)
in the heart of historical area of Galicia / Halychyna,
which was formerly also part of Austrian empire (1772 - 1918)
and Poland (1375 - 1772 and 1919 - 1939)
Other names and spellings: Peremyshliany, Peremyslany, Peremyshlany
Przemyshlany, Przemysliany, PRZEMYSLANY (Polish), Przemyslani (Slovenian), Przemyslani, Przemislany (German, Hungarian), Peremyschlany (German)
Above: map of Western Ukraine with Peremyshlyany.
As you see town is just one hour drive from Lviv,
in the middle of what was earlier Eastern Galicia during Austrian rule
PEREMYSHLYANY PHOTO GALLERY - PAGE 1
PEREMYSHLYANY PHOTO GALLERY - PAGE 2
Short history, description and major info:
Above: Coat of arms of Peremyshlyany during Polish rule (1919 - 1939).
It has a straw bee-hut with bees flying around it on the white-red background. This was to signify the high developed bee-keeping in Peremyshlyany area. White and red were national colors of Poland. Nowadays, Ukrainian coat of arms of Peremyshlyany obviously does not have this background, probably blue instead since blue and yellow are national colors of Ukraine.
PEREMYSHLYANY is a small town in western part of Ukraine. It has about 13.000 inhabitants and is administrative center of Peremyshlyanskyy rayon (Peremyshlyany district) which belongs to Lviv'ska oblast (Lviv region), the westernmost region of Ukraine.
Polish name of the town is PRZEMYSLANY and is spelled as [Pzhemyslany]. This Polish name you will find on the most of documents and maps dating before 1939, when Peremyshlyany and whole Ukrainian province of Galicia (Halychyna / Ggalizien / Galicja) was part of Austria (Austria-Hungary, during 1772 - 1918) and Poland (1375 - 1772 and 1919 - 1939). In 1939 Peremyshlyany and whole Galicia was occupied by Soviet troops and incorporated into Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (of the Soviet Union) which is now independent Ukraine (since 1991).
Name Peremyshlyany possibly comes from Slavic word "promysl / przemysl" which can be translated as "business, work or, industry". Town is located on the highest part of Podillya Uplands. And the highest mountain of Podillya - KAMULA (about 500 meters above sea level) is located near Peremyshlyany. Around Peremyshlyany hills are 406 meters high. The closest one in village Lypivtsi which is on the top of it. Thick forest of horn-beam trees and beech trees surround the area. Economically speaking Peremyshlyany is quite backward with little industry.
There is no railway connection to Peremyshlyany, though there was one before the Second World War. It used to connect Lviv and Berezhany via Peremyshlyany. But it was destroyed by Germans during the war and never restored again. During the First World War there was a front line in Peremyshlyany along Hnyla Lypa (Gnila Lipa) river and fierce battles between Austrian and Russian troops. Thus many military cemetries remained since those times in nearby forests.
Peremyshlyany is located on highway connecting Lviv with Berezhany and Rohatyn, as well as with whole Ivano-Frankivsk region. The main road runs through main street which is also a key street in the town. It is called "Halyts'ka" (Galician) street.
Telephone code for Peremyshlyany is (+380) 3263, where 380 is international code for Ukraine. If you dial within Ukraine you should dial 0 in front of 3263. The closest international airport is in Lviv (Lvov - Lwow - Lemberg) which is one hour drive from Peremyshlyany. Lviv is the major city in Western Ukraine and Peremyshlyany belongs to Lviv region. There are many daily connections to Peremyshlyany from the Main Bus Station in Lviv (at Stryiska street) as well as from Secondary Bus Station (at Lychakivska street). All buses going from Lviv to Rohatyn, Berezhany, Ivano-Frankivsk, Halych, Kolomyya, Yaremcha, Dolyna, Kalush etc. stop in and go via Peremyshlyany. Town is Ukrainian speaking and Ukrainians are the most of population there. No Jews or Poles left. One can count those by fingers, a few tens. The closest towns to Peremyshlyany are: BEREZHANY (my hometown), ZOLOCHIV (ZLOCZOW), BIBRKA (BOBRKA) and ROHATYN (ROGATIN).
Above: Roman Catholic Church of St Peter and Paul in Peremyshlyany
Address of Roman Catholic Parish in Peremyshlyany:
Kosciol Parafialny p.w. Swietych Apostolow Piotra i Pawla w Przemyslanach
81200 Peremyshliany, Chupernosivska str., 3, tel. +380 (3263) 223-28
Current priests: fr. Peter SMOLKA SDB (1953, 1980 - Krakow, 1993 - parish priest)
fr. Francishek ROSLAN SDB (1933, 1965 - Lodz, 1997 - vicary)
They serve in addition in villages Svirzki (Svirzhky) and Glibovychi (Hlebovychi), the chapel
in Mytulyn, the church of Sacred Heart of Lord Christ
Union of Ukrainian Women ("Soyuz Ukrayinok") in Peremyshlyany:
tel. +380 3263 21116
Above: General map of Western Ukraine with Peremyshlyany marked on it.
Villages around Peremyshlyany include
(in limits of pre-war Przemyslany district and some beyond it)
*UKRAINIAN NAME - POLISH NAME - RUSSIAN / SOVIET NAME
* Bachiv - Baczow - Bachev, Bachov - village
* Bile - Biale, Biala - Beloye - village 22 km south east of Peremyshlyany, close to Dunayiv. Name is very common and means "white"
* Bilka - Bialka - Belka - village naer Bryukhovychi, off the road, some 10 km south east of Peremyshlyany. Name means "squirell" in English.
* Bolotnya, Bolotnia, Bolotna - Blotnia, Blotna - Bolotnya - village 18 km south east of Peremyshlyany, on the border with Berezhany district and Ternopil region.
Name comse from boloto - marches, swamp
* Borshchiv (Borshiv) - Borszow - Borshov: village 3 km south east of Peremyshlyany. Dont mix it up with major town Borshchiv in Ternopil region!
* Brykun - Brykun - Brikun - little hamlet betwen Pletenychi and Vovkiv, some 8 km south east of Peremyshlyany.
* Bryukhovychi, Briukhovychi - Brzuchowice, Brzuchowicze, Bruchowice / Bruchowicze - Brukhovychi - large village 15 km to the south of Peremyshlyany.
* Chemeryntsi - Czemierince, Czmerince, Czemerynce, Czemierynce - Chemeryntsy, Chemyeryntsy, Chemerintsy - large village straight east of Peremyshlyany, some 18 km from it, on the road Busk - Pomoriany - Berezhany.
* Dunayiv, Dunajiv - Dunajow - Dunayev: village 24 km south east from Peremyshlyany
* Dusaniv - Dusanow - Dusanov: village 18 km straight south from Peremyshlyany
* Hanachiv, Ganachiv - Hanaczow - Ganachev: village 13 km north east of Peremyshlyany
* Hlebovychi, Glebovychi, Hlybovychi - Hlibowice, Hlibowicze - Glebovichi: village 15 km south west of Peremyshlyany. Name derives
from Ukrainian word "hlybokyi" meaning "deep". There are merely Hlebovychi and Velyki (Velikiye/Wielkie) Hlebovychi (Great Hlebovychi) nearby each other.
* Hlynyany, Glynyany - Gliniany - Glinyany: small town 25 km north of Peremyshlyany. Name derives from Ukrainian word "hlyna" meaning clay.
* Holohory, Gologory - Gologory - Gologori, Holohori - village between towns Peremyshlyany and Zolochiv. 21 km north east of Peremyshlyany. Name measn "bare mountains". Nearby it there is hamlet Holohirky (Gologorki).
* Ivanivka, Iwaniwka - Iwanowka - Ivanovka - village on the road to Berezhany, some 18 km from Peremyshlyany. It is located next to Bolotnya.
* Khomyna - Chomina, Chomyna - Homyna - village, or little hamlet 21 km south east of Peremyshlyany. Name most likely comes from Ukrainian personal name "Khoma" (Choma) which corresponds to Thomas in English. Khomyna is like a suburbian hamlet to village of Bile nearby.
* Kymyr - Kimirz - Kimir: village, 5 km south west of Peremyshlyany
* Koropets' - Koropiec, Koropiez - Koropyets, Koropets - village, or one may say little town, 30 km east of Peremyshlyany, just north of town Pomoryany (Pomorzani, Pomorzane, Pomorzany). The river Koropets starts south from there. It flows south to Dniester. Dont mix it up with other village Koropets' which is just at the point where this river enters Dniester in southern part of Ternopil region. Name Koropets means "little carp" from Ukrainain "korop" (carp, fish).
* Kosteniv - Kosteniow - Kostenev: village on left bank of river Hnyla Lypa, 10 km south of Peremyshlyany
* Kuzubatytsya - Kuzubatica, Kuzubatice - Kuzubatitsa, Kuzubatitsya - little hamlet near Bile and Dunayiv, 23 km south east of Peremyshlyany. Maybe it derives its name from "zub" which measn "tooth" in Ukrainian.
* Lahodiv, Lagodiv - Lahodow - Lagodov: village 12 km north of Peremyshlyany
* Ladantsi - Ladance - Ladantsy: village 5 km south east of Peremyshlyany. Name comes from Ukrainian word "ladan" (a
kind of precious metal)
* Lony - Lonie - Lony: village 13 km north east of Peremyshlyany
* Lypivtsi - Lipowce - Lipovtsy: village on Hnyla Lypa river, 14 km east of Peremyshlyany
* Lyashky - Laszki, Laszki Krolewskie - Lashki: village 28 km north west of Peremyshlyany
* Mereshchiv - Mereszczow, Mrzeszczow - Mereshchev, Mereshchov - village just 5 km to the south of Peremyshlyany town, on the main road
* Mizhhirya, Mizhgirya - Miedzygorze, Mizgirja - Mezhgorye, Myezhgorye - village 7 km north east of Peremyshlyany. It si located between two mountains (one is 402 meters high and other one 424 meters high). Hence its name Mizhhirya which means "between mountains".
* Mytulyn - Mytulin - Mitulin - Mitulyn - village in forest on the side of the mountain (460 meters high), near Slovita and Yaktoriv, 21 km north east of Peremyshlyany town.
* Nestyuky - Nesciuki, Nestiuky - Nyetsyuki - village near town POMORYANY (Pomorzany) and next to the villages Dunayiv and Bibshchany (Bibszczany / Bobszczny). 30 km east of Peremyshlyany. Name comes from Ukrainian "nesty" to carry, or to nestle also.
* Novosilky - Nowosiolka / Nowosiolki - Nowosilki: little village halfway between Berezhany and Peremyshlyany, at the beginnings of river
Narayivka (Narajowka). 18 km south east from Peremyshlyany
*Novosilky - Nowosiolka / Nowosiolki - Nowosilki: large village some 25 km to the north east of Peremyshlyany. Dont mix it with the same name Novosilky to the south east of Peremyshlyany. Generally speaking Novosilka is extremely common name in Ukraine.
* Pecheniya - Peczenia - Pechenia: village 23 km north west from Peremyshlyany
* Perehnoyiv - Peregnojow, Przegnojow, Perehnojow - Peregnoyev, Peregnoyov - village 35 km north of Peremyshlyany. Closest village are Slovita (Slowita) and Kryvychi (Krzywicze / Krywicze).
* Pidhaychyky, Pidgaychky - Podhajczyki - Podgaychiki, Podgaytchiki: village 14 km north west of Peremyshlyany.
Name literally means "Little Pidhaytsi". Maybe as opposite to the town Pidhaytsi/Podgaytsy some 100 km south east from it.
It consists of two Ukrainian words: "pid" (under) and "hay" (wood)
* Pletenychi - Pletenicze, Plecenicze, Pletenice - Pletenichi, Plyetyenichi - village 15 km south east of Peremyshlyany. Name comes from verb "plesty" - to weave.
* Malyy Polyukhiv - Poluchow Maly, Pluchow Maly - Malyi Poliukhov - village 17 km south of Peremyshlyany.
* Pnyatyn - Pniatyn, Pniacin - Pnyatin, Pniatin - village 10 km east of Peremyshlyany. Name comes from Ukrainian word "pen'" which means "tree trunk".
* Podusiv - Podusow - Podusov - village 15 km south east of Peremyshlyany, oclose to the border with Ternopil region.
* Podusilna - Poduselna, Podusielna - Poduselnaya, Podusyelna, Podusyelnaya - village in the extreme south east corner of Peremyshlyany district, some 30 km from Peremyshlyany. Name comes from nearby village Podusiv, and can be translated "in direction of Podusiv" since its on the way to Podusiv in fact.
* Poltva - Poltew - Poltva: village 30 km north of Peremyshlyany
* Polyukhiv, Polukhiv - Poluchow - Polukhov: village 18 km south east of Peremyshlyany
* Pryhodiv - Przygodow - Prigodov: village 16 km north of Peremyshlyany
* Slovita - Slowita - Slovita: village 14 km north from Peremyshlyany
* Stanimizh, Stanimirzh - Stanimirz: village 15 km north west of Peremyshlyany
* Univ - Uniow - Uniov, Unev, Unov: village 10 km north east of Peremyshlyany. Place of the Monastery of Studytes and Holy Dormition Lavra. Studytes is monks order of Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. Located in forests.
* Svirzh- Swirz - Svirzh: village 13 km to the west from Peremyshlyany
* Trudovach - Trudowacz - Trudovatsch, Trodovatch - village near Holohory and Novosilky, 20 km north east of Peremyshlyany. Name comes from Ukrainian word "trud" I think. "Trud" means "work" or "labour" in English.
* Velyka Vilshanytsya, Vilshanytsya - Olszanica Wielka, Olszanica - Olshanitsa - large village 30 km north of Peremyshlyany, close to Novosilky and Holohory. Name comes from "vilkha" (olcha/ olsza in Polish) which is "alder tree" in English. And Velyka (Polish Wielka) means "great".
* Vypysky, Vypyski - Vypyski - Vipiski, Vipiski: village 12 km east of Peremyshlyany
* Vyshnivchyk - Wiszniewczyk, Wiszniawczyk, Visznievczyk - Vishnyevchyk, Vishnevchik - large village north of Chemeryntsi east of Peremyshlyany. 20 km to the aest of Peremyshlyany. Name comes from Ukrainian word "vyshnya" meaning cherry tree.
* Vyzhnyany - Wyzniany - Vizhnyany: village 22 km north east of Peremyshlyany
* Yaktoriv, Jaktoriv - Jaktorow - Yaktorov: village 10 km north from Peremyshlyany
* Zatemne &ndash Zaciemne &ndash Zatemnoye - village some 5 km north west of Peremyshlyany. "Temny" mean "dark" in Ukrainian.
JEWS IN PEREMYSHLYANY:
For more info on Jews of Peremyshlyany and nearby Glinyany you may see
Johan Mehlman: "Three Years of Nazi Rule in Glinyany"
2.500 Jews from Peremyshlyany were deported to Belzec Death Camp in September 1942 and in December 3.000 more were deported to Belzec.
Jewish Hasidic tsaddik Meir (Maer) Peremyshlyaner (Premishlaner) and his family lived in Peremyshlyany. Rabbi Meir of Peremyshlyany (Premishlaner) said: "They will never whip me in the World to Come for not being Abraham. I was not Abraham. They will whip me for not being Meir."
The grave of Meir and his family had been restored recently and chapel was built on its place at Peremyshlyany Jewish Cemetery.
Menakhem Mendel (1728-72) from Peremyshlyany (Premishlaner) was one of the disciples and followers of the founder of Hasidism, Israel b. Eliezer Baal Shem Tov of Medzibezh (Mezdhybizh) (ca.1700-1760). Other disciples of Baal Shem Tov were Dov Baer of Mezhirech (Mezhyrichchya) , Jehiel Michael of Zloczow (Zolochiv) and Meshullam Fayvish Heller of Zbarazh.
Later in 1764-65, this Menakhem Mendel of Peremyshlyany and other follower of the Baal Shem Tov,
- Nahman of Horodenka (d. 1786) had settled in Jerusalem and Tiberias, respectively. At that time Safed was still in ruins, a result of the 1759 earthquake in which the majority of the Jewish community had
perished. In 1764 Rabbi Simha of Zalosce had estimated that only forty or fifty Jews still remained there (Rabinowicz, Hasidism and the State of Israel, pp. 34-42).
PEREMYSHLAYNY JEWISH CEMETERY DESCRIPTION:
Data from: http://www.jewishgen.org/cemetery/e-europe/ukra-p.html
Alternative names: German-Przemislani, Polish-Przemyslany. It is located in Lvovskaya oblast at 49º40' 24º33', 42 km from Lvov. The cemetery is located at W part of village on I.Franko St., near Kvitnevaya St 1. Present town population is 5000-25000 with no Jews.
-- Town: town Soviet chief, Bodnar Yakov Andreevich, Peremyshlayny, Galitskaya St., 50. Tel.: 21634.
-- Regional: Lvov Regional State Administration, Lvov, Vinnichenko St. 18, reception room, tel.: 722947, 728093.
-- Lvov Jewish Commmunity, Lvov, Mikhnovskih St., 4, tel.: 330524, Rabbi Mordekhai Shloime Bold.
-- Interested: Lvov Center State Historical Archives, Lvov, Sobornaya Square, 3a, tel.: 723508.
The unlocked cemetery has no caretaker. The earliest Jewish community was 18th century. In 1934 Jewish population (census) was 3000. Tzadakkim Maer Premyshlayner and his family lived here. The cemetery dates from the 18th century with last known Jewish burial before June 1941. Orthodox (Hasidic followers of Premyshlyaner family) community used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off the road, access is open to all with a broken fence and no gate. The approximate size of the cemetery before the World War II was 1,32 hectares. 1-20 tombstones, some in original location and more than 75% broken, date from 18th-20th centuries. Some of the removed stones are part of roads or structures. The sandstone finely smoothed and inscribed stones or flat stones with carved relief decoration have Hebrew inscriptions. Some gravestones have traces of painting on their surfaces. The cemetery has no unknown mass graves. Municipality owns property used only as Jewish cemetery. Residential property borders site. The cemetery boundaries are smaller than in 1939 because of the housing development. From time to time, organized individual tours and local citizens (Jews) visit. The cemetery was vandalized during the World War II and since. Jewish groups within the country and abroad were reconstructing Maer Premyshlayner's ohel in Summer 1998. There are no other structures. Serious threat: incompatible construction: near ohel of Maer Premyshlayner, almost with one wall is a two-story house is being built. Moderate threat: safety, pollution, vandalism, and incompatible planned construction. Slight threat: vegetation overgrowth.
Survey by Iosif Gelston from Lvov, who visited site on 15.10.1998 and completed survey in 30.10.1998. Documentation: CSHA, Fond 186, inventory 4, page 4; Jewish Encyclopedia, B.12, p. 911, St Petersburg, 1912; Catechism of Lvov Archdiocese of Greeks-Catholic Church, Lvov, 1934-1935, p. 236. Interviewed was Shoikhet Meilakh from Lvov. Additional information: During earth excavation around old ohel of Maer Promyshlayner, inside ohel were found gravestones from end of 18th century and early 19th century that appeared to be buried under the ohel ruins. The gravestones were covered with rich wood engraving and had traces of painting. At present, work on their restoration is being carried out. After that, they are supposed to be established inside the reconstruction ohel.
PAGE CREATED BY ROMAN ZAKHARII FROM BEREZHANY.
Berezhany is town 35 kilometers south east of Peremyshlyany.
I was in Peremyshlyany many times and passed it hundred of times
on bus going from Berezhany to Lviv and vice versa when I studied in Lviv University
for 5 years (from 1992 to 1995), being quite familiar with the district and area of Peremyshlyany.
* * *
Page created on 1st of September, 2001, in Oslo, Norway
(where I lived, worked and studied, doing two years MPhil in Medieval Studies at the University of Oslo).
I had graduated in history of Ukraine from the University of Lviv in Ukraine and hold MA in Modern Central European History
(specializing in Polish Jewish historiography) from Board of Regents of the University of State of New York
(I did it at CEU in Budapest). I would be interested to teach Ukrainian, Russian, Soviet, Polish history
or languages or Eastern European Jewish history abroad.
PAGE UPDATED IN JAN. 2008 in Reykjavik, Iceland, where I live and work now.
Please contact me, if you have any suggestions.
All copyrights reserved. See my CV.
If you have any comments you may write me at firstname.lastname@example.org
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