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UKRAYINS'KA MOVA

Ukrainische Sprache, Ukrainsk Språk, Lingua Ucraina, Langue Ukrainien,
Safa Ukrainit, Oukrainiki, Ukrainan kieli, Lingua Ukraina, Jezyk Ukrainski, 
Ukrainskiy yazyk, Ukrán nyelv, Langua Ukraina, Idioma Ukraina, Idioma Ucraniana

UKRAINIAN ONLINE VOCABULARY LIST 
AND BASIC UKRAINIAN GRAMMAR:
(in English transliteration)


Nouns - Imen'nyky:

mo'va - language
so'ntse - sun
trava' - grass
vikno' - window
ma'ty, ma'ma - mother, mom
ba'tko, ta'to - father, dad
syn - son
simya' - family
stil - table
doro'ha - road
vu'lytsia - street
kokhan'nia - love
ka'zka - fairy-tale
khlo'pets - boy
div'chyna - girl
muzhchy'na - man 
zhin'ka - woman, wife
shliakh - way
li'zhko - bed
stina - wall
noha' - foot
ruka' - hand
holova' - head
zir'ka - star
ti'lo - body
mis'to - town
krayi'na - country
derzha'va - state
stoly'tsia - capital city
kimna'ta - room
vovk - wolf
ne'bo - sky
khma'ra - cloud
liudy'na - man (in sense of human)
kny'zhka - book
kvit'ka - flower
dim - house
kit - cat
pes - dog
hody'na - hour
hodyn'nyk - watch, clock
chas - time
kartop'lia - potatoe
bul'ba - potatoe (in rural dialects all over Ukraine)
barabo'lia - potatoe (Berezhany district dialect)
rika', rich'ka - river
o'zero - lake
mo're - sea
po'tik, strumok' - brook
lis - forest
hora' - mountain
horb, pa'horb - hill
hay - wood, little forest
de'revo - tree
selo' - village
po'le, lan - field
si'no - hay
tser'kva - church
stezh'ka - path, pathway
zemlya' - land
vohon' - fire
hroma'da - community
hro'shi - money
litak' - plane
mashy'na - car
po'tiah, po'yizd - train
vedmid' - bear
za'yets - hare
vovk - wolf
bil'ka - squirell
olen' - deer
o'ko - eye
vu'kho - ear
nis - nose
rot - mouth
lytse' - face
mor'kva - carrot
tsybu'lia - onion
yab'luko - apple
yab'ko - apple (Western Ukrainian dialect)
vynohrad' - 
  
Pronouns - Zaymen'nnyky:

Ya - I
Ty - You
Vin - He
Vona' - She
Vono', Tse - It
My - We
Vy - You (polite form)
Vony' - The

Conjugation of personal pronouns of 1 st, 2 nd, 3 person sing. and plural:

Nom.: Ya (I), ty (You),  Vin (He), Vona (she), My (we), Vy (You, plural), vony (they)
Gen.:  miy,     tviy,          yoho',       yiyi',             nash,         Vash,                    yikh'niy
Dat.:  meni,    tobi,         yomu',       yiy,               nam,          Vam,                     yim 
Acc.:  mene,   tebe,         yoho',        yiyi',             nas,            Vas,                        yikh


Possesive pronouns:
miy - my (masc.)
moya' - my (fem.)
moyi' - my (plural)
tviy, tvoya', tvoyi' - your
Vash, Va'sha, Va'shi - your (polite form)
yikh, yi'khnia, yi'khni - their
yiyi' - her
yoho' - his
nash, na'sha, nashi - our




Adjectives - Prykemt'nyky:

Adjectives have masculine, feminine and middle forms:

For example:

bi'lyy - white (masc.)
bi'la - white (fem.)
bi'le - white (mid.) 

zele'nyy - green (masc)
zele'na - green (fem.)
zele'ne - green (mid.) 

novyy' - new (masc.)
nova' - new (fem.)
nove' - new (mid.)

Other adjectives are conjugated the same way as above:

chor'nyy - black
sy'niy - blue
chervo'nyy - red
kory'chnevyy - brown
shvydkyy' - fast
povil'nyy - slow
cika'vyy - interesting
dale'kyy - far
blyzkyy' - near, close
har'nyy - nice
poha'nyy - bad
smachnyy' - tasty
dobryy' - good
strashnyy' - horrible, frightful
svit'lyy - clear
tem'nyy - dark
vazhkyy' - heavy
lehkyy' - easy
bid'nyy - poor
baha'tyy - rich
kozh'nyy - every

Verbs - Diyeslova':

yty - to go
bih'ty - to run
spiva'ty - to sing
yis'ty - to eat
pamyata'ty - to remember
zabuva'ty - to forget
dava'ty - to give
bra'ty - to take
pysa'ty - to write
zhy'ty - to live
lita'ty - to fly
vi'ryty - to believe
du'maty - to think
dya'kuvaty - to thank
Dia'kuyu! - (I) thank you!
Dia'kuyemo!  - (We) thank you!
hra'ty - to play
hovory'ty - to speak
skaza'ty - to say
slu'khaty - to listen
chu'ty - to hear
krycha'ty - to shout
pla'katy - to cry
vchy'ty - to study
spa'ty - to sleap
mri'yaty - to dream
shuka'ty - to seek
znakho'dyty - to find
cheka'ty - to wait
liuby'ty - to like
kokha'ty - to love
ba'chyty - to see
dyvy'tysya - to look, to watch 
vybacha'ty  - to excuse
perepro'shuvaty - to ask pardon
Vy'bachte! - Excuse me!
Perepro'shuyu, pro'shu! - pardon!
zna'ty - to know

CONJUGATION OF TO "ZNA'TY"  (TO KNOW) IN PRESENT INDEFINITE TIME:

Ya znayu  - I know
Ty zna'yesh - You (singular form) know
Vin, Vona, Vono zna'ye - He, She, It knows
My zna'yemo - We  know
Vy zna'yete - You (polite and plural form) know
Vony' zna'yut - They know 

The same way most of other verbs are conjugated

-------------------------------------
Modal Verbs - Modal'ni diyeslova:

ma'ty - have, to own
mohty' - can, to be able

Ya ma'yu/mo'zhu - I have/can
Ty ma'yesh/mo'zhesh - You have/can
Vin, Vona, Vono ma'ye/mo'zhe - He, She, It has/can
My ma'yemo/mo'zhemo - We have/can
Vy ma'yete/mo'zhete - You (as polite form) have/can
Vony ma'yut/ mo'zhut - They have/can
  
"BU'TY" - TO BE:

Ya ye - I am
Ty ye - You (singular form) are
Vin, Vona', Vono'/Tse ye - He, She, It is
My, Vony' ye - We, they are
Vy ye - You (plural & polite form) are

FUTURE FORMS OF "BU'TY" (TO BE)

Ya budu - I will be
Ty bu'desh - You will be 
Vin, Vona', Vono'/Tse bu'de - He, She, It will be
My bude'mo - We will be
Vy bude'te - You (polite form) will be
Vony bu'dut - They will be


Adverbs - Prysliv'nyky:

shvyd'ko - quickly
povil'no - slowly
cika'vo - interestingly
ma'lo - little
baha'to - a lot, a number, many, much
dale'ko - faraway
blyz'ko - closely
pravyl'no, vir'no - correctly, right
de'koly, in'koly - sometimes
des' - somewhere
vnyz - down, downwards
vnyzu' - down there
vverkh - up, upwards
naverkh', naverkhu', nahori' - up, on the top
nicho'ho - nothing
shchos' - something
khtos' - someone
nikto' - nobody
ko'zhen - every, each
Tre'ba - it is needed
Neobkhid'no - it is necessary
Bud' las'ka! - Please!
 
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

Khto? - Who?
De? - Where?
Yak? - How?
Yakyy', Yaka', Yake'? - Which? (Masc., Fem., Mid.)
Shcho? - What?
Koly'? - When?
Skil'ky? - How many/much?
Chomu'? - Why?
Choho'? Dliacho'ho? - Why for?

Prepositions - Pryymen'nyky:

v, u - in, at
na - on
pid - under
tam - there
tut - here
ot'zhe - therefore
bi'lia, ko'lo - at, near
shcho - that, which
tsey, tsia - this (masc, fem.)
tse - it 
toy, ta, to - that (indicative forms in masc., fem., mid.)
tak - yes

Conjuctions - Spolu'chnyky:

i [ee] - and
dlia  - fo
yakshcho' - if
bo - because
tomu' shcho - since, because
chy - whether
z - with
bez - without
ra'zom - together

Negative forms:

Ni [nee] - No (Literary Ukrainian)
Nie - No (Western Ukrainian dialect)
Ne - not
Nema', nema'ye - there is not, there are not
niyak' - nohow
nishcho', nicho'ho - nothing


Exclamations - Vy'huky: 

Os'! - Here you are!
Hey! - Hey!
Hayda'! - Let's (go, do etc.)!
Oy! Oy-yoy! - expresses surprise
Okh! - exclamations when one is tired
Harazd'! - Okey! Deal! 

Numerals - Chysliv'nyky:

odyn' - one
dva - two
try - three
choty'ry - four
pyat' - five
shist' - six
sim - seven
visim - eight
de'vyat - nine
de'syat - ten
odyn'natsyat - eleven
dvannad'tsyat - tvelve
trynad'tsyat - thirteen
dvad'tsyat - tventy
tryd'tsyat - thirty
sto - one hundred
dvis'ti - two hundred
trys'ta - three hundred
ty'siacha - one thousand
million' - one million

Plural forms of nouns are usually formed by endings change into: "-y", "a":
For example:
stil (table) - stoly' (tables) selo' (village) - se'la (villages) sad (garden) - sady' (gardens) sumka, torba (bag) - sumky', tor'by trava' (grass) - tra'vy (grasses) voda' (water) - vo'dy (waters) Plural form of adjectives is formed by endings change from "yy" or "iy" into "i": For example: rozum'nyy (intellegent) - rozum'ni novyy' (new) - novi' dalekyy' (far) - daleki' koly'shniy (former) - kolysh'ni popered'niy (previous) - popered'ni
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Copyright 2000/2020 by Roman Zakharii
Text and vocabulary were compiled by Roman Zakharii



Please do not mind if there are some spelling mistakes in English. English is not my native but Ukrainian.
If you have any comments or suggestions, I appreciate them very much.  I am also interested in teaching Ukrainian or Russian or Polish 
(I have natile like command of both Russian and Polish) at Slavic Departments where these languages are taught or are needed to be taught.
If you are interested please see my CV (I am CEU graduate and have MA Diploma from the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York) 
and contact me by e-mail or phone.  I am particularly interested to teach Ukrainian or Russian at Slavic Departments
of Italian Universities. There is a great unfamiliarity with Ukrainian language in the West and very few dictionaries, materials or books on it and with growing 
importance many Slavic Departments which are all basically limited to Russian, and needs to be added to the curriculam of many Slavic Departments.

Please to write to me at: roman800@gmail.com

This page I have created with Dreamweaver 3  on 30.09-01.10.2000 at the University of Oslo, in Oslo, Norway. Updated in August, 2013.
I plan to enlarge the vocabulary adding also new informations and links, so keep an eye on this page.