The city of Darwin
was named after Charles Darwin, the scientist and evolutionist who had sailed
on several expeditions on the HMS Beagle.
was not on board in 1839, when Darwin
harbour was first sighted, the captain of the Beagle decided to name the port
It wasn't until 1869 that a small group of
settlers arrived from South Australia, which
back then administered the Northern
In 1870 the first poles of the famed
Overland Telegraph reached the city of Darwin
and it was finally connected to the rest of the world...
The next boost to Palmerston's development
occurred in the 1880s, when gold was discovered at Pine Creek, just over 200 km
The Northern Territory
was transferred to the Commonwealth in 1911, and Darwin became the official name of the still
Development was slow, the distances to
anywhere else were just too big, transport and communication difficult and the
Enter WWII. In the 1940s 10,000 allied
troops were moved to the city of Darwin on Australia's
northern coastline. It didn't prevent the two major air raids by the Japanese
on 19 February, 1942. 243 people died in the Darwin bombings. Darwin had to live through 63 more raids, the
only Australian capital city to come under major attacks during WWII.
But the biggest disaster hit the city of Darwin on 25 December,
1974 in form of Cyclone Tracy. The cyclone and it's aftermath are well
documented in Darwin's
Museum & Art Gallery of the NT, a fascinating and chilling exhibition.
50 People died on Christmas 1974, and 70%
of the city of Darwin
were destroyed. 30,000 people had to be evacuated in the biggest airlift in Australia's
But during the 1970s Darwin was rebuilt, bigger and better. Some
locals say it's due to that rebuild that the city of Darwin is so easy to navigate today. The
planners were given a second chance to get it right...
Nearly a quarter of Darwin's resident's are of Aboriginal or
Torres Strait Islander descent. Another big percentage of the population has
immigrated from South and East Asia. 75
nationalities are represented in the city of Darwin all together.
in Australia is a lively and
multicultural city, and a "Gateway to Asia".
The connections to the rest of Australia
and the world, by air, land or water, are excellent, and tourists are very well