| General Information
about the State
The Republic of Belarus
is situated in the geogaphical centre of Europe. Belarus shares common frontier
with Poland, the Baltic States, Russia and Ukraine. The territory of Belarus
is 207.000 sq. km., population - about 10 millions and 70% of them lives in
cities. Minsk is the capital of Belarus and has a population of about 2 mln.
people. The state languages are Belarusian and Russian.
The Republic of Belarus
is a democratic social state with the rule of law (Art. 1 of the Constitution
of the Republic of Belarus). Though, many people would argue that this article
of the Constitution as well as many others does not work at all in contemporary
Belarus. To find out more on that "controversy", please, explore the useful links page, where, I am sure, you will
find a lot of interesting information.
The state power exercised
on the basis of its division on legislative, executive and judicial. Belarus
is a presidential republic (more than you can even imagine :( ). The President
of the Republic of Belarus is a head of state, a guarantor of the Constitution,
of peoples' rights and freedoms. In accordance with the Constitution the legislative
body is the Parliament consisting of two branches. The executive power in
the republic is been exercised by the Government - the Council of Ministers
being the central body of state administration (to find out more on the real
functions of the Belarusian president, Parliament and the
Council of Ministers, please, explore the useful
The most developed branches of
industry are motor-car construction, machine-tool construction and bearing
production, electrical industry, oil mining and processing (actually, mostly
buying cheaply in Russia, processing and selling expensively to the West :)),
production of synthesized fiber, fertilizers, pharmaceutical industry, production
of building materials, light and food industries. Charasteristic feature
of national industry is production of finished commodity, the most part of
which is exported .
Natural conditions of the
Republic of Belarus let succesfully (it's the official point of view :)) produce
such highly remunerative kinds of production as milk, beef, pork, meat and
eggs of poultry, grain, potatoes, long-fibred flax, white beet and so on.
P.S. : Probably you are confused of so many state symbols at the top of the page. To make it clearer, I would tell you
that one flag and coat of arms represent official state symbols of contemporary
Belarus, while two others are historical symbols of Belarus, adopted as official
ones for a period of time in the beginning of the 90-s.
So in 1995 contemporary symbols replaced historical
ones. To make clear which ones are official now and which - historical, still
considered by democratic opposition as "true" national symbols, just take
a look at the state symbols of Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR)
under the Soviet Union:
it is clear, isn't it?